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Skipping breakfast and eating late can worsen cardiovascular issues. A new study from the European Society of Cardiology has revealed that people who skip breakfast and eat a late dinner have a more difficult time recovering after a heart attack. The researchers found that individuals with both of these detrimental eating habits were up to five times more prone to another heart attack, chest pain, or even death within 30 days of being discharged from the hospital after a heart attack. The investigation was focused on 113 patients with an average age of 60 who had experienced a particularly serious form of heart attack called ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Among the study participants, 58 percent skipped breakfast, 51 percent ate late-night dinner, and 41 percent had both habits. “One in ten patients with STEMI dies within a year, and nutrition is a relatively inexpensive and easy way to improve prognosis,” said study co-author Dr.
As 2020 looms, Trump’s record on the environment speaks for itself. In a twisted case of alternative facts, Donald Trump is planning to tout his environmental record in the run-up to the 2020 presidential election. This reversal of truth is set to be led with the led with an emphasis on how clean the environment seems to be despite massive deregulation. Bloomberg reports that Trump administration officials are developing talking points on climate change and creating a list of environmental ‘success stories’ under Trump’s administration. To be clear, Trump has never been a friend to the environment. As we’ve reported, Donald Trump has a long laundry list of dirty environmental policy. Trump first put Scott Pruitt, a climate change denier and friend to fossil fuels, in charge of the EPA while repeatedly denying climate change himself. In accord with his views that climate change is a hoax, Trump pulled the US out of the Paris Climate Accords and
The best places to observe wild bats in the United States. Of the flying animals, birds certainly get the most attention. People set out food and housing for the feathered denizens of the sky. Large non-profits and clubs are dedicated to watching birds for fun and to their conservation. It seems that bird research, conservation, and management are – compared to work with other organisms- relatively well funded. Bats, on the other hand, are the bad boys of the sky, skulking past the moon at night and connected to the literature and film of our darkest fears and desires. Bats do have a lot in common with birds, as both are a pleasure to view and both can be attracted into a yard if things are arranged to suit their needs. When I was conducting hummingbird research in Ecuador, I noticed something. If I left hummingbird feeders out into the evening, bats would visit them for the artificial nectar. Depending on location, pollinator bats visit the United States as well. If
NASA researchers confirm global warming trends with satellite data. A new study performed by researchers from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) used satellites to confirm global warming data from the Goddard Institute for Space Studies Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP). Global temperatures have been steadily on the rise, but varying data, inconclusive results, temperature variability, and gaps in past climate records can make it challenging to come to any specific climate conclusions beyond the fact that the Earth is warming due to an increase in atmospheric greenhouse gases. But in the new study, NASA researchers analyzed the Earth’s “skin” temperatures from 2003 to 2017, measured by the satellite-based infrared system called AIRS (Atmospheric Infra-Red Sounder). The research was published in the journal Environmental Research Letters. AIRS measures surface temperatures across the ocean, land, and snow and ice
Pollinators existed long before flowers, new research suggests. Which came first, the flower or the pollinator? The mutually beneficial relationship between angiosperms (flowering plants) and pollinating insects is the result of millions of years of coevolution. Angiosperms evolved special adaptations to attract pollinators, who in turn became masters at gathering nectar and spreading pollen. But as far as which came first, a new study is shedding insight on some of the Earth’s earliest pollinators which evolved long before flowers started blooming. The research, published in the journal Gondwana Research, shows that early insects likely first pollinated gymnosperms like conifers until flowering plants evolved in the Cretaceous period. Researchers from the Borissiak Palaeontological Institute in Russia focused on a late Jurassic insect, the Archocyrtus Kovalev fly, which was first described in 1996. . . . . #earth
Crocodiles and birds have more in common than you might think. It may seem hard to find two animals more different than a hummingbird and a crocodile But as strange as it may be, birds and crocodilians (the group containing alligators, crocodiles and gharials) are each other’s closest relatives. In fact, crocodilians and birds are the sole survivors of a much larger and more diverse group called the archosaurs. Archosaurs translate into ‘ruling reptiles’ which explains why it contains all extinct dinosaurs and pterosaurs (flying reptiles). Archosaurs actually were ruling reptiles for a while, at least in a certain sense. One large division among vertebrates is synapsids vs. diapsids. This division is named for holes in the skull. Diapsids have one more hole in their skulls (to lighten them) than do synapsids; ‘di’ meaning ‘two’. Synapsids include all mammals and the ancestors of mammals, the ‘mammal-like reptiles’. During the Permian Period, the
Microplastic pollution has reached remote glaciers. For the first time, microplastics have been discovered in remote glaciers in the Alps in Switzerland. Microplastics have been found in rivers, lakes, oceans, streams, ponds and even in the Arctic, and now researchers from the University of Milan identified microplastics in sediment samples taken from the Forni Glacier which has an elevation of around 12,000 feet. The samples contained 75 particles and fibers of polyamide, polypropylene, and polyethylene and the researchers say that there could be over 100 million particles in the glacier. The researchers theorize that at such high elevations, a majority of the particles, especially the plastic fibers, came from hikers and some were carried by wind from nearby towns and cities. It would be nearly impossible for hikers and tourists not to shed microplastics as their clothing is specifically designed to withstand cold temperatures and wick away
Harsh winters are significantly impacting bird populations. A new study from the American Ornithological Society has found that harsh winter conditions negatively impact birds that are forced to leave their homes in northern forests and wander far from their normal ranges to find food. The researchers used data from citizen scientists to show how these winter movements, known as “irruptions,” significantly reduce the size of breeding populations the following summer. Irruptions bring seldom-seen boreal birds to the south in large numbers, which is a treat for birdwatchers. On the other hand, little is known about how the birds are affected by these journeys. The current study was focused on Red-breasted Nuthatches, a useful species to study because they consistently return to the same core breeding areas after massive irruptions. This makes it possible to compare their breeding populations from one year to the next. Erica Dunn of Environment Canada
How many volcanoes have the potential to trigger devastating tsunamis? An international team of researchers from the United States, the UK, and Indonesia has developed the first detailed computer model to represent the eruption of the Anak Krakatau volcano in an effort to better understand how the catastrophic event occurred. The model simulations have revealed that there are 40 volcanoes worldwide that have the potential to initiate a deadly tsunami comparable to the one triggered by the eruption of Anak Krakatau. The experts are warning that millions of people in coastal regions are at risk, and that disaster warning systems must be improved to include volcano-triggered tsunamis. “One of the aspects of events such as Anak Krakatau is that we are now aware of a hazard hovering in the background and there are millions of people who live adjacent to volcanoes,” said marine geologist and study first author David Tappin of the British Geological
Neanderthals and woolly mammoths shared much of the same DNA. A new study from Tel Aviv University has revealed that Neanderthals and woolly mammoths shared DNA that allowed them to adapt to freezing cold environments hundreds of thousands of years ago. The researchers also discovered genes that the ancient humans and animals had in common which would have increased the production of hair and skin. “Neanderthals and mammoths lived together in Europe during the Ice Age. The evidence suggests that Neanderthals hunted and ate mammoths for tens of thousands of years and were actually physically dependent on calories extracted from mammoths for their successful adaptation,” said study co-lead author Professor Barkai. “Neanderthals depended on mammoths for their very existence.” “They say you are what you eat. This was especially true of Neanderthals; they ate mammoths but were apparently also genetically similar to mammoths.” To investigate these
Smiling really can make you feel happier, research shows. A team of researchers led by the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UT) has found evidence to support the theory that the simple act of smiling can make people feel happier. The experts analyzed nearly 50 years of data on how facial expressions affect our emotions. “Conventional wisdom tells us that we can feel a little happier if we simply smile. Or that we can get ourselves in a more serious mood if we scowl,” said study lead author Nicholas Coles, who is a PhD student in Social Psychology at UT. “But psychologists have actually disagreed about this idea for over 100 years.” The debate heated up in 2016, when 17 research teams were unable to replicate the results of a well-known experiment showing that smiling can trigger happy feelings. “Some studies have not found evidence that facial expressions can influence emotional feelings,” said Coles. “But we can’t focus on the results
Are Dolphins, Sharks, and Whales Mammals? Sea creatures are big mysteries to most of us. What do they do under the waves? What do they eat? How do they navigate and communicate? And… what are they? Dolphins, whales, seals, sea lions, and otters are all mammals. They give birth to live young and nurse their young with milk. In contrast, even though some sharks give birth to live young, sharks are fish. What is a Mammal, Again? It’s a bit confusing whether dolphins, whales, and sharks are mammals unless you remember the basics of what a mammal is. Mammals are warm-blooded animals that give birth to live young (except for a few exceptions that lay eggs) and feed those young with milk. Most mammals are hairy – but not all! Humans and naked mole rats are both mammals but they aren’t exactly fluffy. Mammals do not have gills. That means that any aquatic or marine mammals need to be able to come to the surface often enough to breathe. In contrast,
Last month was the second hottest March on record. The latest report from the Copernicus Climate Change Service shows that surface air temperatures in March were some of the warmest on record for the month. Record-breaking heat waves in Australia coupled with warmer than average temperatures in Europe over the past month only continue a sobering trend of recent record-breaking temperatures linked to climate change. Australia experienced its warmest March on record and as a result of the extremely high temperatures and lack of precipitation, parts of the country are dealing with devastating droughts and bushfires. In Eastern Europe, temperatures were three degrees Celsius above average, and in Alaska, Canada, and central Siberia, temperatures were above average as well. . . . . #earth #earthdotcom #planetearth #environment #environmental #savetheearth #ecology #nature #sustainability #sustainable #recycle #organic #pollution #animals
How does a year in space impact the human body?Researchers from the University of California San Diego School of Medicine examined how a long-term stay in space can affect a human body on a molecular, physiological, and behavioral level via a NASA twin study. The team looked into how space can affect the bodily regulation of proteins and metabolites, and how impact space travel can have on cardiovascular health and vision, among other things. “This first-of-its-kind investigation has provided clues about how a long duration space flight changes the regulation of molecules in the body and the relationship of these changes with physiological changes in the body due to space flight such as vascular remodeling and vision problems,” said senior author Brinda Rana, PhD, a professor in the Department of Psychiatry at UC San Diego School of Medicine. . . . . #earth #earthdotcom #planetearth #technology #science #tech #instatech #technews #engineering #research
Rising temps in the Arctic are driving extreme weather across the globe. A new study from the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) International Arctic Research Center has revealed air temperature changes in the Arctic to be the “smoking gun” behind the rapidly changing climate conditions and severe weather across the globe. After investigating all of the potential triggers for extreme climate change across the region, the study authors found that “increasing air temperatures and precipitation are drivers of major changes in various components of the Arctic system.” According to John Walsh, who is the chief scientist for the UAF, climate indicators are key pieces of information that capture the essence of a system. For example, the extent of sea ice in September represents the effects of variables such as wind, ocean heat, and air temperature. . . . . #earth #earthdotcom #planetearth #environment #environmental #savetheearth #ecology
Butterflies make a big comeback across the pond. The annual UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS) has revealed that more than two-thirds of butterfly species returned in greater numbers in 2018 compared to the previous year. Two of the rarest UK species, the Large Blue and Black Hairstreak, made a bigger comeback than any other year on record. From 2017 to 2018, numbers of the Large Blue increased by 58 percent and numbers of the endangered Black Hairstreak exploded by more than 900 percent. According to the experts, these rare butterfly populations were boosted by both warm summer weather and a cold spell in late winter that likely helped caterpillars survive. Common white butterflies also had a good year after many below-average seasons, with the numbers of various white species rising by as much as 155 percent. In addition, the Brown Argus and Speckled Wood recorded their third best season, while the threatened Duke of Burgundy was up by 65 percent.
Dog owners are happier than cat owners, survey shows. Cat owners and dog owners will often fight like, well… cats and dogs. But the eternal struggle between these two groups may have just recorded a major victory for the canine aficionados, according to a new US General Social Survey, which has tracked a litany of American trends over the last half-century. With last year’s edition being the first to include questions about pets and the relationship between owner and animal, the survey scored results that showed – while pet owners and non-owners have similar levels of happiness – there is a significant divide within the happiness levels of dog owners and cat owners. Results showed that dog owners were twice as likely to call themselves “very happy,” with 36 percent versus only 18 percent for cat owners. Additionally, dog owners also reported seeking comfort from their animals at a higher rate, along with playing with their pets and even considering
Is photosynthesis efficient enough? How does photosynthesis work? Plants and bacteria convert sunlight into sugar through the magic of photosynthesis. The evolution of this process enabled life to be what it is today. All life feeds on the sun, either directly or indirectly. This essential process is made up of a series of complicated chemical reactions. Plants have tiny factories that control each step of this reaction. This process is complex, but the simple version is that proteins move electrons to charge machinery that produces sugar. In the end, plants combine CO2 and water, producing sugar and oxygen. Read more on earth.com . . . . #earth #earthdotcom #planetearth #plants #plant #green #oxygen #life #greenliving #botanical #botanic #nature #naturelovers #forest #outdoor #outdoors